The cause of an ovarian cyst is usually the abnormal formation of a follicle, which means that without ovulation the follicle remains and turns into a cyst. In the fertile period of women follicles form continuously in the ovaries, and the oocytes start from here. Typically only one follicle becomes so mature a month that it brakes and releases the oocyte.
In a few cases this process does not happen and without ovulation the follicle remains and turns into a cyst. These cysts usually disappear. But sometimes the cyst lingers, grows bigger and causes symptoms. In this case treatment is needed. The type, size and symptoms caused by the cyst determine the type of treatment necessary.
Treating the cyst
Depending on their type ovarian cysts can be treated by medication or surgery. Also depending on the cyst type, surgery can either be laparoscopic or through the abdominal route. During these operations, with fertile women who still w ant to have children we try to remove as little as possible. Modern technology and endoscopic surgery procedures make it possible to remove most of the cysts from the ovaries with hysteroscopy and reconstruct the remaining parts of the ovaries without actually opening the abdomen. Traditional surgery is needed in case of malign cysts, because the aim is to fully remove the problematic tissue after thorough examination of the abdomen.