The surgery process
“What happens before the surgery?”
It is important to use antibiotic eye drops in the eye to be operated on, two days prior to surgery. This is prescribed to the patient, during the examination prior to surgery. The surgeon will discuss the surgery in detail with you and will explain all the benefits, risks and complications. A consent form will be given to you to take home with you, so you have ample time to read it and you can call us back with any further questions you might have. By signing the form, you agree to the surgery and that you are aware of its benefits, potential risks and alternatives. You must have this signed declaration on the day of surgery, it is one of the conditions required to perform the surgery.
“What kind of preparation procedure is carried out in the operating room?”
The surgery is performed under local anesthesia. The introduction of modern surgical techniques have also further simplified the preparation procedure. We instill anesthetic drops, several times to the eye to numb the eye. We also instill dilating eye drops to enlarge your pupil. On the day of the surgery, we will ask you some health related questions and if it is deemed necessary we will give you a mild sedative tablet before entering the theatre, you will be asked to put on a disposable gown, cap and over shoes.
“What happens during the surgery?”
You will be asked to lie down and relax on our theatre table. After cleaning the eye and its surroundings, you will be covered with a sterile drape. If you are claustrophobic, please let us know. Also you will have a device attached to your finger to monitor your pulse and oxygen levels.
The surgery is carried out via a very small incision of which is only 2.2 mm long. The size of the wound helps us achieve sutureless surgery and decreased the incidence of infections drastically. Phacoemulsification is carried out with the most technologically advanced equipment, using ultrasonic waves. During surgery, you can speak to the doctor if you feel like and the surgery is completely painless. It is very important not to make sudden movements with the head. The actual surgery takes about 15 minutes.
“What happens after the surgery?”
After surgery, you will be accompanied out of the operating room by one of our nurses. You will be allowed to leave shortly afterwards, and a discharge plan is given to you. There is no need to cover the eye. Essentially, there is no restriction, but it’s important not to rub the eye.
Always wash your hands before touching your face or before putting the eye drops. Do not wash your hair for 1 week after the surgery and avoid for water to come into your eyes for 2 weeks after the surgery.
The vision may be slightly blurred temporarily after the surgery, because the pupil is dilated, the cornea may be cloudy for a transitional period. Follow up with your doctor is necessary the next day. The operated eye may be sometimes a little red, watery, and temporary stinging may occur. You will need to use two kinds of eye drops in the operated eye, and written information is also provided.
Risks and Complications
Refractive Lens Exchange / Cataract surgery is usually very successful, if there are no other pre-existing eye conditions. However, it is important to realize that there is always a risk of complications associated with any operation.
Some of the complications that may occur during the operation include:
- Internal bleeding
- Damage to other structures of the eye including the capsule surrounding the lens
- Incomplete removal of the cataract
- Part of the cataract falling into the back of the eye
Some of these complications can be dealt with at the time of the surgery or just after surgery.
Potential (rare) complications occurring after the operation include:
- Severe infection
- Fluid accumulating at the back of the eye (in the retina, the light-sensitive layer at the back of the eye)
- Detachment of the retina
- Clouding of the membrane behind the lens
These complications can sometimes occur even if the operation itself is carried out perfectly. Many of these complications are manageable, although it may mean that other treatments may be required and the recovery period may be longer than usual. This may include the need for additional surgery. The most serious consequence of all the complications is the risk of loss of vision in extremely rare cases. If the membrane behind the artificial lens becomes cloudy, this will make your vision blurry again. If this happens, laser treatment may be needed some time after the surgery, restoring back your clear vision.
We would like to remind you that these risks are not common and that all necessary precautions will be taken by our professional staff to ensure that you have an uneventful procedure.
In our clinic we use only with the best quality IOLs, which enable us to help you achieve the most precise visual acuity.
These are revolutionary new types of lens implants.
One of them is the multifocal IOL, allowing, near, intermediate and far distance vision at the same time, so there is no need for reading glasses. It can be compared mostly to the visual outcome provided by the multifocal glasses, but without the hassle of wearing glasses.
Astigmatism is another kind of refractive error. Astigmatism occuring due to the curvature irregularity of the cornea, can also be corrected by the TORIC intra ocular lens.
The multifocal-toric IOL implant may provide those eligible patients a life without glasses*.
The newest trifocal lens
See clearly at any distance – without making compromises
The newest trifocal lens guarantees the most precise vision at any distance, and at the same time makes it possible to read the screen without wearing glasses.
Also, it helps to prevent the development of a secondary cataract. Its special material filters the light that enters the eye, and as a consequence, defends the membrane from the harmful rays.
The lens’ material and shape (made by the most modern technology) guarantees the lens’ stable position within the crystalline, and therefore, a permanent vision experience in the long run.
*With the assistance of the surgeon we select the most suitable lens for the patient from the available variety of intraocular lenses, in accordance with our patient’s needs and expectations taking into consideration the patient’s lifestyle.